Investment Casting Process: Crafting Precision Through Lost Wax Casting

Views: 3     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2023-08-31      Origin: Site

Investment Casting Process: Crafting Precision Through Lost Wax Casting

  Investment casting, also known as lost wax casting, is a revered manufacturing process that has been used for centuries to create intricate and high-precision metal parts. This process involves creating a wax pattern, investing it in a ceramic shell, melting out the wax, and then pouring molten metal into the cavity. It finds its application in a wide range of industries due to its ability to produce complex and detailed parts with exceptional accuracy.

Process Steps:

Wax Pattern Creation: The process starts with the creation of a wax pattern that replicates the desired part. This can be done through various methods such as injection molding, hand sculpting, or 3D printing.

Assembly: These wax patterns are attached to a central wax gating system, creating a cluster of patterns called a "tree."

Investment: The wax tree is then coated with a ceramic slurry multiple times. This creates a ceramic shell around the wax pattern, forming a mold.

De-Waxing: The ceramic shell mold is heated in a furnace, causing the wax to melt and flow out, leaving a cavity in the shape of the original wax pattern.

Preheating: The ceramic shell is further heated to remove any remaining moisture and ensure the shell is ready to receive the molten metal.

Casting: Molten metal or alloy is poured into the ceramic shell mold through the gating system. The metal fills the cavity and takes the shape of the original wax pattern.

Cooling and Solidification: The metal cools and solidifies, adopting the shape of the cavity. The ceramic shell is then removed, revealing the casting.

Finishing: The casting is removed from the gating system, and any excess materials such as the gating system or ceramic remnants are removed.

Processing: Depending on the application, the casting may undergo further processing such as machining, heat treatment, or surface finishing.

Advantages and Applications:

Intricate Designs: Investment casting is ideal for parts with complex geometries, thin walls, and intricate details that might be challenging for other casting methods.

High Precision: The process offers tight tolerances and exceptional surface finish, reducing the need for extensive post-processing.

Material Versatility: A wide range of metals and alloys can be used, including steel, aluminum, bronze, and superalloys.

Application Diversity: Investment casting is widely used in industries like aerospace, automotive, jewelry, medical devices, and even art, due to its ability to create unique and intricate designs.

Reduced Waste: The process generates minimal material waste since the ceramic shell can be reused for multiple castings.

  Investment casting marries traditional craftsmanship with modern technology, resulting in the creation of high-quality parts that meet the demands of various industries. Its ability to produce intricate and detailed parts makes it a favored choice for applications where precision and complexity are paramount.



  • Q Are you a manufacturer or a trader?

    We have our own foundry ,forging factory and machinery shop located in Liaoning Province, China.
  • Q What can you do for customer?

    One Stop Service
    1).Manufacturing and supply various machinery parts.
    2). Technical analysis and design 
    3).Factory audit, on-site production supervision, in-time feedback, pre-shipment quality inspection
  • Q How could you commit the product quality?

    1) all our factories were ISO certified. 
    2) more than 50% of New Densen’s products were sold to worldwide top 500 companies 
    which located in North American, Western Europe, and Japan.
    3) New Densen’s QC engineers will do on-site supervision and before EX-work quality inspection. New Densen will issue inspection reports for customers’ approval before EX-work. New Densen will be responsible for its reports and every parts no matter how long sold to customers.
  • Q How long shall we get the quotation?

    Processing time for inquiry: 1-3 working days.
  • Q What's the process of developing a new steel casting product?

    The procedure for new project develop as below:
    1. Technical department analyze the drawings all details 
    2.Pattern design and manufacture
    3.Casting Process
    4.Quality Control inspect the casting parts
    5.Issue inspection report for customer to check quality
    6. After inspection report approved, Logistics Department help arrange the shipping to customer